Fire Safety Tips

Fire Safety is Everyone’s Responsibility!

Knowing the top causes of fires is a good way to start learning how to prevent fires. Did you know that cooking is the number one cause of fires in the home? Heating, electrical, smoking and candles are also among the top five causes.

You can also help prevent fire damage and injury by ensuring your family is prepared for a fire emergency by developing a home fire escape plan, and installing and regularly inspecting both smoke alarms and Carbon Monoxide detectors.

National Burn Awareness Week Feb. 7–13

Did you know that most burns are preventable? Burns are one of the leading causes of injury in children, the elderly and those with disabilities. There are simple steps you can take to prevent burn injuries. The theme for 2021 is Electrical Safety and please see the tips below on electrical safety along with actions to take while cooking to help learn how you can prevent injury and fire in your home.

Electrical Safety

Electricity produces heat that not only causes fires, but also burns. Follow these simple steps to help prevent injury and fires.

  • Plug major appliances directly in to a wall outlet - do not use extension cords or power bars.  
  • Only plug one heat-producing appliance in to an outlet at a time.
  • Regularly check electrical cords for cracks or frays, loose or bare wire, and loose connections.
  • Keep all electrical cords above rugs and carpets.
  • Keep electrical appliances, devices and cords away from heat and water sources.
  • Use light bulbs that match the recommended wattage on the lamp or fixture.

Cooking Safety

Consider these simple steps to make the kitchen a safe place while cooking.

  • Make your kitchen a kid-free zone while preparing hot meals or drinks.
  • Use back burners whenever possible, and always turn the pot handles to the back of the stove.
  • Be cautious around hot liquids and steam.
  • Wear short- or tight-fitting sleeves when you cook.
  1. Top 5 Fire Causes
  2. Smoke Alarms
  3. Escape Planning
  4. Carbon Monoxide (CO)
  5. Fire Safety for Kids

Knowing the top causes of fires is a good way to start learning how to prevent fires. Cooking is the Number 1 cause of fires in the home. Heating, electrical, smoking and candles are also among the top five causes. To reduce these types of fires, follow these simple steps.


Cooking provides an outlet for creativity and can be relaxing - help prevent cooking fires by staying in the kitchen while using the stove. 

Never leave your cooking, (including the barbecue) unattended! 

Keep anything that can catch fire - oven mitts, wooden utensils, towels - away from your stove top. And never put water on a grease/oil fire!


Please ensure all home heating appliances, like furnaces, gas fireplaces, chimneys, space heaters, etc., are in good working condition. 

Ensure that heaters are plugged directly in to the wall and remember to place portable devices at least 1 metre away from flammable materials and turn them off while you’re sleeping or when you leave your home.


Electricity makes our lives easier, but we need to be cautious and keep safety in mind especially during the holiday season when we have more items plugged in such as Christmas lights. 

Remember to only use approved light sets only, do not overload circuits, check all light sets prior to use discarding any that are frayed or damaged and use proper clips - not staples - to install outdoors. Extension cords and power bars should be used as a temporary measure only. 

Always turn off lights before leaving home or going to bed. 


Candles may be pretty to look at but their open flame can easily ignite anything – choose battery-operated “flameless” candles as a great alternative. 

If you must use candles, keep them on a flat, non-combustible surface, away from anything that can burn, and never leave them unattended.


Smoking should be done outside only, and cigarettes shall be extinguished using a designated ashtray or water. Never try to extinguish cigarettes in garden soil or plant pots.

More Information

For more information on how to keep your home and family safe, visit the National Fire Protection Association website. There, you can access Safety Tip Sheets and Safety Tip Sheets in Other Languages.